C’était Tunis : 1920 PDF

A known Palestinian courier in Lillehammer was identified and followed by Mossad agents to a public swimming pool, where he was seen speaking with Bouchikhi, who had no connection to Palestinian armed groups and whose conversation with the courier was coincidental. Bouchikhi, who resembled Salameh, was found to match c’était Tunis : 1920 PDF photographs of Salameh. On the evening of 21 July, a day after having misidentified Bouchikhi as Salameh, the Mossad agents carried out the assassination.


« Ecrivez à l’auteur pour le convaincre de vous raconter la suite ! ». C’est en ces termes que Frédéric Mitterrand achève la préface de C’était Tunis 1920, premier livre de Maherzia Bournaz.Dans le second ouvrage, Maherzia Bournaz se fait le chantre de la vie tunisienne de 1927 à 1945. Elle relate en un style simple et vivant, son adolescence sous le protectorat français. C’estl’occasion pour elle de faire revivre la vie quotidienne d’antan avec la présentation de son quartier, sa maison, ses parents, sa famille et voisins, les traditions, les fêtes et les rites. Elle émaille son récit d’attachantes anecdotes, de scènes prises sur le vif, de contes de son enfance, de remèdes naturels, de tabous et de superstitions de l’époque. Elle offre au lecteur une fresque humaine riche et variée tout en lui faisant visiter et aimer les lieux avec un raffinement où l’Orient et l’Occident insensiblement se marient. C’était Tunis 1920 et Maherzia se souvient, sont de vivants témoignages sur un monde lointain qui nous est cher et dont le souvenir méritait de survivre à travers le vécupersonnel de l’auteur.

Bouchikhi and his pregnant wife had gone to see a movie. After taking a bus back and getting off at a bus stop, they began slowly walking back home. As they were in sight of their home, a car with four Mossad agents pulled up beside them. The killing shocked the residents of Lillehammer, where there had not been a murder for 36 years. The Israelis learned that they had killed the wrong man after the story was publicized the following day.

Nine members of the hit team, including the two actual killers, escaped and were out of Norway the day following the assassination. While the defence counsel said their clients played only minor roles such as shadowing and passing on information, five of the six agents were found guilty on a variety of charges and convicted of complicity in the killing, receiving sentences ranging from one year to five and a half years but were released and returned to Israel in 1975. The revelations of the captured agents dealt a massive blow to the secret infrastructure of the Mossad in Europe. The captured agents were interrogated over the operation. One of them, Dan Arbel, became extremely nervous as soon as his cell door shut due to his extreme claustrophobia, and provided many details on the operation in exchange for being transferred to a larger cell with a small window.

For the first time, clear evidence had been found of Israel’s involvement in the string of assassinations of Palestinians that had taken place on European soil as part of Operation Wrath of God. Under intense international pressure, Golda Meir ordered the operation suspended. Israel never officially took responsibility for the assassination. In January 1996, Prime Minister Shimon Peres said that Israel would never take responsibility for the killing but would consider compensation.

In 1990, Norway reopened the case, and in 1998 issued a global arrest warrant for the leader of the operation, Michael Harari, who had successfully escaped, but closed the case the following year after judging that it would be impossible to get a conviction. When the Mossad’s Revenge for the Munich Olympics Went Tragically Wrong ». Omstendigheter rundt drapet på Ahmed Bouchikhi den 21. 1973 og sakens senere håndtering av norske myndigheter. MIDDLE EAST: Death of a Terrorist ».

The Zionist James Bond’: Mossad officer who hunted down those behind 1972 ‘Munich massacre’ dead at 87″. Norway solves riddle of Mossad killing ». Thesis submitted to the Faculty of the U. Marine Corps Command and Staff College by Alexander B. Calahan, GS-12, Graduate Class for the degree of Master of Military Studies, April 1995.

La médina de Tunis présente comme constante spécifique d’être à la fois un tout homogène dans sa globalité et une juxtaposition de sous-ensembles présentant chacun cette même caractéristique : chaque quartier est en quelque sorte, une  réduction  de la ville dans tous ses concepts. Zitouna, foyer de prière et d’étude. La notion d’espace public est donc ambiguë dans le cas de la médina où les rues sont considérées comme le prolongement des maisons et soumises aux balises sociales. La notion de propriété individuelle est faible et les étalages des souks débordent souvent sur la voie publique.