L’Île d’Oléron PDF

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You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. Charente-Maritime department off the west coast of France. It occupies the territory of small island of Île d’Aix in the Atlantic. Aix is located at the mouth of the Charente River, between l’Ile d’Oléron and the coast of mainland France. The island is also close to Fort Boyard.

The main street in the village. During the Roman period, it seems the island was connected to the continent at low tide. It finally took its current shape around 1500. In 1067, Isembert de Châtelaillon gave the island to the order of Cluny. A small convent was established, which depended on St Martin in Île de Ré.

At the end of the 12th century, France and England fought for the possession of the island. Until 1286, the island was located at the boundary between the French and the English Saintonge, formed by the estuary of the Charente River. In the 16th century, during the French Wars of Religion, the island became Catholic and then Protestant. In 1665, nearby Rochefort was established as a strategic harbour for the Kingdom, leading to the construction of many fortifications in the area. Vauban built numerous fortifications on the island, which Ferry completed in 1704. British captured the island in 1757 and destroyed its ramparts as part of the attempted Raid on Rochefort, before withdrawing several weeks later. During the French revolution, in 1794, the island was used as a prison for the suppression of religious opponents, in which hundreds of priests were left to die in moored prison-boats.

The Battle of the Basque Roads, April 1809. Napoleon famously visited the island in 1808 and gave directions to reinforce the fortifications. Fort Liedot, named after a colonel killed in the Russian campaign. Aix between the British Navy and the Atlantic Fleet of the French Navy. Napoleon on HMS Bellerophon after his 1815 surrender. In 1815, from 12 to 15 July, Napoleon also spent his last days in France at Île d’Aix, after the defeat at Waterloo, in an attempt to slip past a Royal Navy blockade and escape to the United States.