Rollon PDF

Rollo is first recorded as the leader of these Viking settlers in a charter of 918, and he continued to reign over the region of Normandy until at least 928. He was succeeded by his son, William Rollon PDF in the Duchy of Normandy that he had founded. Hrólfr as Roluo in the Gesta Danorum.


Rollon, chef viking, appartient autant à la légende qu à l histoire. Après avoir lancé de nombreux raids meurtriers sur l Europe occidentale, il conclut, en 911, un traité de paix avec le roi de France Rollon accepte de cesser ses incursions en échange d un territoire qui deviendra la Normandie. Rollon fait partie de ces envahisseurs scandinaves qui ébranlèrent l Empire carolingien, fondé par Charlemagne. À partir des années 870, il participe à la plupart des expéditions de pillage dans la vallée de la Seine et dans le centre du royaume de France. Déterminé à arrêter ces attaques incessantes, le roi Charles le Simple négocie avec Rollon le traité de Saint-Clair-sur-Epte, conclu en 911 entre les Vikings et les Francs, met fi n à plusieurs décennies de troubles violents et constitue l acte fondateur du futur duché de Normandie. Pierre Bouet nous conte l étonnante histoire de ce chef de pirates qui a acquis un pouvoir officiel et une autorité légitime sur tous les Vikings présents sur la terre qui lui a été concédée.

It is also sometimes suggested that Rollo may be a Latinised version of another Norse name, Hrollaugr. Icelandic sagas, which refer to him by the Old Norse name Göngu-Hrólfr, meaning « Hrólfr the Walker ». Göngu-Hrólfr is also widely known by an Old Danish variant, Ganger-Hrolf. The 10th-century Norman historian Dudo records that Rollo took the baptismal name Robert. Statue of Rollo in Ålesund, Norway. Rollo was the son of a Viking named Ketill Flatnose.

Medieval sources contradict each other regarding whether Rollo’s family was Norwegian or Danish in origin. A biography of Rollo, written by the cleric Dudo of Saint-Quentin in the late 10th Century, claimed that Rollo was from Denmark. One of Rollo’s great-grandsons and a contemporary of Dudo was known as Robert the Dane. 11th-century Benedictine monk and historian, who wrote: « Rollo sailed boldly from Norway with his fleet to the Christian coast. 12th Century Chronique des ducs de Normandie that Rollo had been born in a town named « Fasge ». The claim that Rollo was the brother of a King of Norway, Harald Finehair was made by an anonymous 12th-century Welsh author, in The Life of Gruffudd ap Cynan. 13th-century Icelandic sagas, Heimskringla and Orkneyinga Saga.

Norse realm centred on the Western Isles of Scotland. Dudo tells us that Rollo seized Rouen in 876. According to Dudo, Rollo struck up a friendship in England with a king that Dudo calls Alstem. This has puzzled many historians, but recently the puzzle has been resolved by recognition that this refers to Guthrum, the Danish leader whom Alfred the Great baptised with the baptismal name Athelstan, and then recognised as king of the East Angles in 880.

Dudo records that when Rollo took Bayeux by force, he carried off with him the beautiful Popa or Poppa, a daughter of Berenger, Count of Rennes, took her in marriage and with her had their son and Rollo’s heir, William Longsword. There are few contemporary mentions of Rollo. The earliest record is from 918, in a charter of Charles III to an abbey, which referred to an earlier grant to « the Normans of the Seine », namely « Rollo and his associates » for « the protection of the kingdom. Dudo retrospectively stated that this pact took place in 911 at Saint-Clair-sur-Epte.