A minister presides over Communion Sunday service in a United Methodist Church, a typical mainline Protestant denomination and one of the « Seven Sisters of American Protestantism ». Mainline Protestants were a majority the Universalist Quarterly and General Review, Volume 24 PDF Protestants in the United States until the mid-20th century, but along with most other Christian denominations, they have experienced a decline in membership.
Mainline churches share an active approach to social issues that often leads to cooperation in organizations such as the National Council of Churches. Some mainline Protestant denominations have the highest proportion of graduate and post-graduate degrees of any other denomination in the United States. From 1854 until at least 1964, Mainline Protestants and their descendants were heavily Republican. In recent decades, Republicans slightly outnumber Democrats.
From 1965 to 1988, mainline church membership declined from 31 million to 25 million, then fell to 21 million in 2005. The term mainline Protestant was coined during debates between modernists and fundamentalists in the 1920s. In the US, Protestantism is generally divided between mainline denominations and evangelical or conservative denominations. In other parts of the world, the term mainline Protestant is not used. Instead, the term « ecumenical » is used to distinguish similar churches from evangelical denominations. The term mainstream Christian in academic usage is not equivalent to mainline Protestant and is often used as an attempt to find non-loaded sociological vocabulary in distinguishing orthodoxy and heresy. Washington National Cathedral, an Episcopal cathedral in Washington, D.
Augustana Lutheran Church in Washington, D. 0 million members in the United States in 2016, the United Methodist Church is the largest mainline Protestant denomination among the « Seven Sisters. 6 million members and 9,300 congregations at the end of 2016. Third in size is the Episcopal Church, with 1. 9 million members, of whom 1. 7 million members are located in the United States in 2016.
4 million active members in 9,300 congregations. American Baptist Churches USA is fifth in size, with approximately 1. The United Church of Christ is the sixth and has about 880,000 members in 2016. Historically African American denominations are usually categorized differently from evangelicals or mainline.